House Dust Mite Extract Forms a Der p 2 Corona on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Implications for Allergic Airway Disease.

TitleHouse Dust Mite Extract Forms a Der p 2 Corona on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Implications for Allergic Airway Disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsJ Dominguez, SK Holmes, RD Bartone, LJ Tisch, RM Tighe, JC Bonner, and CK Payne
JournalEnviron Sci Nano
Volume11
Issue1
Start Page324
Pagination324 - 335
Date Published01/2024
Abstract

Multi-walled carbons nanotubes (MWCNTs) are used in materials for the construction, automotive, and aerospace industries. Workers and consumers are exposed to these materials via inhalation. Existing recommended exposure limits are based on MWCNT exposures that do not take into account more realistic co-exposures. Our goal was to understand how a common allergen, house dust mites, interacts with pristine MWCNTs and lung fluid proteins. We used gel electrophoresis, western blotting, and proteomics to characterize the composition of the allergen corona formed from house dust mite extract on the surface of MWCNTs. We found that the corona is dominated by der p 2, a protein associated with human allergic responses to house dust mites. Der p 2 remains adsorbed on the surface of the MWCNTs following subsequent exposures to lung fluid proteins. The high concentration of der p 2, localized on surface of MWCNTs, has important implications for house dust mite-induced allergies and asthma. This research provides a detailed characterization of the complex house dust mite-lung fluid protein coronas for future cellular and in vivo studies. These studies will help to address the molecular and biochemical mechanisms underlying the exacerbation of allergic lung disease by nanomaterials.

DOI10.1039/d3en00666b
Short TitleEnviron Sci Nano